Every beautiful home must start with a good foundation, structure, and well-executed layout. Believe it or not, there is more to building residential properties than laying bricks, installing pipework, and plastering walls. It requires multiple tasks, skills, and time to turn a patch of land into a stunning property. Find out more by reading this informative guide to building a house.
Site preparation is the first step toward building a house. A construction firm will need to clear the real estate site of all debris and vegetation. Most construction companies will often hire excavation contractors to prep the site, as it’s a specialist skill that is just one part of a bigger project.
For example, excavators will need to remove soil to reach the specified foundation depth. Plus, they must ensure the soil is firm enough to pass compaction tests. Similar to general contractors and masons, they will need a commercial insurance policy for excavation business protection. After all, accidents can happen on-site, or mistakes can occur when using heavy-duty machinery.
Lay the Foundations and Footings
Once a construction firm has passed the various compaction tests, the foundation is made with concrete and then reinforced with steel rods. Depending on your state, a construction firm may need to lay a slab foundation, a full basement, or a crawl space. A waterproof material is then sprayed onto the foundation and inspected. Vertical foundation walls are built to rest on the footings, and most builders will use either concrete cinder blocks or poured concrete.
After the foundation passes inspection, a construction firm will move onto framing, which includes floor joists, subfloors, and roof trusses. Doors, windows, and skylights are framed to create the shell of the property. A roofer will also visit the site to install roof flashings, shingles, and other surfaces. Next, the construction team will wrap the home to protect it from the elements and keep moisture at bay.
The next step is to install the property’s various major systems, such as its pipework, electrical wiring, and heating and cooling ducts. A local inspector will review and approve each system before a firm can move onto the next stage of the project.
If you live in a cold climate, insulation may be applied to the exterior walls, attic, crawl spaces, or basement. A construction firm may insulate a home with foam, cellulose, or fiberglass.
Once the major systems and insulation are installed, drywall panels are added onto the walls with screws, and then taped and mudded before applying a spray texture and paint.
A construction company will then embark on various interior finishes, such as installing:
- Bathroom furniture
- Kitchen cabinets
- Stair balusters
- Window sills
The flooring is then installed to help turn the house into an attractive home. A construction firm may install:
- Hardwood flooring
- Ceramic tiles
- Laminate flooring
- Engineered wood flooring
The above options are often outsourced to a subcontractor, such as a tile, stone, or flooring installer.